A candidate for a doctoral degree is expected to demonstrate mastery of knowledge in the chosen discipline and to synthesize and create new knowledge, making an original and substantial contribution to the discipline in an appropriate timeframe.
1. 为学科做出原创性的实质性贡献Make an original and substantial contribution to the discipline
Think originally and independently to develop concepts and methodologies; Identify new research opportunities within one’s field.
Demonstrate advanced research skill
Synthesize existing knowledge, identifying and accessing appropriate resources and other sources of relevant information and critically analyzing and evaluating one’s own findings and those of others; Master application of existing research methodologies, techniques, and technical skills; Communicate in a style appropriate to the discipline.
Demonstrate commitment to advancing the values of scholarship
Keep abreast of current advances within one’s field and related areas; Show commitment to personal professional development through engagement in professional societies, publication, and other knowledge transfer modes；Show a commitment to creating an environment that supports learning through teaching, collaborative inquiry, mentoring, or demonstration.
Demonstrate professional skills遵守学科中的道德标准；有效地倾听、给与和接受反馈意见。
Adhere to ethical standards in the discipline；Listen, give, and receive feedback effectively.
Cornell University, Graduate School, Doctoral Proficiencies, Learning Assessment，https://gradschool.cornell.edu/about/program-metrics-assessments-and-outcomes/learning-assessment/